5th August 2019 -- The world’s cities are facing an urgent set of challenges when it comes to ensuring a fundamental necessity of urban living: getting around. By 2030, 60 percent of the world’s population will live in cities, an increase of about 50 percent compared to today. Today’s 1.2 billion strong global car fleet could double by 2030, while the amount of travel kilometers made within urban environments are expected to double, or even triple, by 2050. Most of our cities are not prepared for these developments.
UNStudio is currently involved in numerous mobility projects. Since the foundation of the practice, mobility has consistently been part of UNStudio’s DNA. From the
Erasmus Bridge, to our first masterplan for
Arnhem Central Station to the
Mercedes Benz Museum – a true homage to mobility - most of our milestone projects demonstrate our special interest in this topic.
The following Mobility Report outlines the most recent projects we have been working on, ranging from strategic documents for municipalities, speculative designs (Hardt Hyperloop, A10), as well as architectural designs for the recently opened metro stations in Doha and of course the Cable Car in Gothenburg.
Designs for Gothenburg (images: Plompmozes)
The future of public transport: Cable Cars
Since winning the competition for a cable car system in Gothenburg, we have continued to develop our expertise in this very promising new form of public transport. Founder and Principal Architect of UNStudio Ben van Berkel says: "Cable car systems provide a new form of public transport that is sustainable, extremely fast, reliable and efficient. Although primarily a pragmatic solution, cable cars are also a very congenial way to travel as they enable city residents to see and experience their cities in a whole new way."
Click here to listen to a podcast we have produced about the future of mobility and cable cars.
IJbaan and first ever cross border cable car
In addition to Gothenburg, we are participating in the IJbaan project in Amsterdam. Commissioned by the IJbaan Foundation (Stichting IJbaan), the cable car that connects the North of the city with the newly developed neighbourhoods in the West, is a grassroots "Amsterdammer" citizens' initiative. It snowballed from a crowdfunding campaign led by Bas Dekker and Willem Wessels that started in 2015 and is now supported by the Municipality of Amsterdam. To date, we made the concenpt designs for the cable car towers and the two transit hubs on both river banks. We look forward to moving on to the next phase and to developing the design further with the IJbaan foundation, in cooperation with the municipality and investors.
IJbaan in Amsterdam
Equally exciting is the winning design for a terminal station that we recently presented to our client for the first ever cross border cable car in Blagoveshchensk. The new system will span the river Amur, connecting Russia to China and vice versa. The design entails the cable car terminal on the Russian side of the river, that will become a cultural and leisure destination, connecting the nearby cultural square with the Golden Mile that runs alongside the river.
Cable car at the Russian Chinese border
Sustainable, green and efficient solutions
Whether it be public transport through the air, under ground, or even in capsules that travel at over 600 kilometers per hour – all of the mobility projects we are currently participating in share the same values. By offering a more sustainable, green and efficient alternative for moving through dense urban areas, the cable cars, the Hardt Hyperloop (see below) and the new metro network in Doha, all demonstrate the same urban design philosophy: they all aim to alleviate pressure on the city’s streets by getting people out of their cars and on to public transport.
These forms of transport enhance connectivity and serve urban development, whilst simultaneously helping to create healthier environments by reducing both urban congestion and C02 emissions. All of these solutions also enable cities to allocate more space to green areas, pedestrians, cyclists and other forms of personalised electric mobility in the future. By doing so, even increasingly dense cities can remain accessible and attractive.
Qatar Railways' Doha Metro Network
Another mobility project that we have been working on over the last seven years - and that has just opened its first line to the public - is the Qatar Integrated Railway Project in Doha. For this project, we created the reference designs for the stations and, in collaboration with Qatar Railways, developed an Architectural Branding Manual that specifies design guidelines, architectural details and material outlines. Click here to take a trip around Doha on its first ever metro line.
Hardt Hyperloop: a sustainable and convenient alternative to flying
The Hardt Hyperloop Hub is a vision designed by UNSFutures for the European Hyperloop stations of the future, and a study of urban integration for the Hyperloop across cities and towns of different sizes. Ben van Berkel, Founder and Principal Architect of UNStudio: ‘The Hyperloop is not only a realistic and viable alternative to flying, it is going to revolutionise travel. It will provide extremely fast travel times with direct connections between cities, enabling completely new ways of working and spending our leisure time, which in turn will lead to a multitude of economic, environmental and knowledge exchange benefits.’
Click here to listen to a podcast we have produced about the Hyperloop and the future of mobility.
Mobility vision for Amsterdam
At UNStudio we not only design solutions, we also collaborate with city governments and local municipalities to anticipate and strategise for possible future scenarios. In this respect, it is interesting to mention that the UNStudio’s Futures Team – a multidisciplinary team of researchers, futurists, architects, speculative designers and storytellers - in collaboration with Royal Haskoning and other partners, has recently finalised a mobility strategy for the municipality of Amsterdam that focuses on future urban mobility scenarios.
Climate goals are at the top of the agenda for the City of Amsterdam, which recently declared that by 2030 all city traffic should be electric, meaning that by that date all gasoline and diesel cars will be kept out of the city. With this ambitious goal, Amsterdam has put itself at the forefront, setting an example for cities worldwide. As an architectural practice, we are proud to contribute to this ambitious future. The result of this process is a strategic design study entitled "Perspective on Mobility of the Future in Amsterdam" (Perspectief op Mobiliteit van de Toekomst in Amsterdam), that was recently presented by Sharon Dijksma, the local City Councilor for Traffic, Transport, Water and Air Quality.